Digital data and big data are creating a wave of evolution in the construction industry. In this article, we will discuss the top 10 innovations in the construction industry which construction companies in Pakistan should adopt to.
Cement is the most used material in construction. Most construction companies In Pakistan use traditional cement to build their houses and building. But later on, those walls start to crack due to exposure to water or chemicals, and the building or house starts to lose its value. Also, cement is also the highest contributor to harmful carbon emissions said, to be responsible for almost 7 percent of annual global emission.
Researchers are developing a self-healing concrete, using a mix containing bacteria within microcapsules, which will aid building evolution by germinating when water enters a crack in the concrete to produce limestone, plugging the crack even before water and oxygen have a chance to corrode the steel reinforcement.
Efficient insulation material is becoming more and more important in the construction industry. Heat transmit through the walls tends to pass through the building. Let it be masonry, block, or stud frame, to the internal fascia such as drywall. This is known as thermal bridging. The most effective thermal insulation material is “Aerogel” developed by NASA for cryogenic insulation. Thermablok adapted it using a proprietary aerogel in a fiberglass matrix. This can be used in insulating studs which can help increase the overall wall R-value by more than 40 percent.
The photovoltaic glaze is one of the most interesting new technologies used in civil engineering. That helps buildings to generate their own energy by turning the whole building surface into energy generating units. Polysolar’s technology is efficient enough to produce energy even on the north-facing, vertical walls, and its high performance raised temperatures to mean it can be double glazed or insulated directly. As well as saving on energy bills and earning feed-in tariff revenues, its cost is only minor over the traditional glass, since construction and framework costs remain, while cladding and shading system costs are replaced.
Kinetic footfall is one of the latest technologies which is under development. This technology can help produce energy enables the floor to harness the energy generated from footsteps. It can be used indoors or outdoors in areas with high traffic and generates electricity from pedestrian footsteps using an electromagnetic induction process and flywheel energy storage.
This technology is best suited for places like transport or hospitals where a large flow of people will pass over it. The largest deployment the company has done so far is in a football pitch in Rio de Janeiro to help power the stadium lights around the pitch. It’s currently installed outside London’s Canary Wharf station powering street lights.
An Italian startup developed a technology named Lybra when they were exploring kinetic energy on roadways. Rubber paving converts the kinetic energy produced by moving vehicles into electrical energy. Lybra operates on the principle that a braking car dissipates kinetic energy. The cutting edge technology converts this energy into electric energy before passing it on the electricity grid. In addition to improving road safety, device upgrades and promotes the sustainability of road traffic.
The structure of any building is as good as its individual parts. The way in which the parts fit together along with the choice of material and its specific site all of these factors combine to tell how the building will perform under normal or extreme conditions. Engineers have to combine a vast number of pieces into the building design while complying with increasingly demanding safety and government regulations. There is predictive software that can help ensure even the most innovative structures in civil engineering are efficient and safe, by simulating how they will behave.
Planning and building innovation can be seen by the growth of smart cities. CyberCity3D also known as CC3D is a geospatial-modeling innovator specializing in the production of smart 3D building models. It creates 3D buildings to help the architectural, engineering, construction sectors visualize, and communicate design and data with CC3D proprietary software.
The models combine with 3D geographic information systems software platforms, such as Autodesk and ESRI, and can stream 3D urban building data to Cesium’s open architecture virtual 3D globe. It provides data for sustainability, design planning, energy, and works in co-occurrence with many smart city SaaS platforms such as Cityzenith.
Modular construction is a popular development in civil engineering. In this process, buildings are constructed off-site using the same materials and designed to the same standards as conventional on-site construction. This innovative building technique limits environmental disturbance, delivering components, when needed, and turning construction into a logistics exercise. It has strong sustainability benefits, from fewer vehicle movements to less waste. With up to 70% of a building produced as components, it allows a move towards “just in time” manufacturing and delivery. In use in the United States and the UK, Chinese developer Broad Sustainable Building recently completed a 57-story skyscraper in 19 working days using this method.
Another technology used in civil engineering is a cloud collaboration tool called base stone. The base stone is a system that allows the remote sharing of data on a construction site in real-time. It is mainly a review tool for civil engineers and architects which digitizes the drawing review process on construction projects and allows for better collaboration.
The cloud-based combination tool is focused on the installation of everything from steel beams to light fittings. The system helps to add “snags”, issues that happen during construction, on to pdfs, then users can mark or add notes through the base stone. Trials have revealed the possibility of cost-savings of around 60% compared with traditional paper-based review methods.
Not every civil engineering developments are new construction materials or technological tools. Asset mapping center focus point is operational equipment, heating, air conditioning, and lighting. The process includes collecting data from serial numbers, firmware, engineering notes telling when it was installed and by whom, and combines all the data in one place.
This system shows engineers in real-time where the equipment needs have to be installed on a map, and once the assets are connected to the real-time system using the internet of things, these can be monitored remotely through the web, app, and other remote devices and systems. It helps customers to build a database of asset performance, which can help in proactive building maintenance, and also lower the building procurement and insurance costs.