Headache is a very common routine problem. Many people face it with varying intensity at different points in life. Headache, having high intensity, makes a person unable to do scheduled tasks and affects the quality of life. For some headache is occasional and goes on its own after some time, and for some, it can become a serious problem.

What Is A Headache?

A sensation of pain in one or more parts of the head or face is referred to as a headache. Sometimes pain in the upper neck is also referred to as a headache. Pain can vary from being sharp, squeezing, or pulsating. Though the brain is not pain-sensitive, however some blood vessels, skin, bones, and structures in the eyes, ears, and nose can become a source of pain for it.

An important reason for headaches is meninges; these are thin layered tissue covering and protecting the brain and spinal cord. Inflammation in nerves and other vessels associated with it can become a reason for pain.

Types Of Headache

There are many types of headache based on the nature and source of pain, but generally, headache can be classified into three main types including:

  • Primary headache
  • Secondary headache
  • Facial neuralgias (Facial pain)

The most commonly occurred headache is a primary headache. It usually encompasses tension, migraine, and cluster headache—secondary headache links with other medical conditions such as trauma, tumor, infection, and disease. Facial pain and pain in facial nerves can lead to a headache. Sometimes pain in the jawline bone may also lead to a headache.

Triggers Of Pain

There are some triggers which are associated with on setting headache. It is important for a person to know the triggers of headaches. The triggers may vary from person to person. Common triggers of headache are

  • Alcoholism
  • Eating & sleeping pattern changes
  • Depression
  • Emotional stress
  • Overuse of medication
  • Strain(eye, neck, and back)/poor posture
  • Noise
  • Environmental changes

Helping Ways To Prevent Headache

It is very important to know the pattern in lifestyle and environmental changes which act as triggers of headache. It can help in taking the right preventive actions to avoid it. Even the frequency and intensity of pain can also be decreased to some extent.

1. Maintain A Regular Sleep Schedule

Sleep deprivation and oversleeping can both act as a trigger to the onset of a headache. It is thus important to manage and maintain a regular and healthy sleep pattern. Research shows that sleeping too little will interfere with the REM (Rapid Eye Movement) phase of sleep. The REM phase lasts for 90-120 min during sleep. This phase is essential for the brain for learning and saving memories.

Too little sleep can cause the body to produce proteins which cause pain sensation. Another study suggested that people suffering from sleep disorders such as insomnia are more likely to feel pain than others. A healthy sleep pattern will allow reenergizing the body and overcoming triggers associated with the sleep pattern.

2. Giving Up On Alcohol

Alcohol is an important headache trigger. Histamine, the main constituent of alcohol, drives the immune system to make more of it, causing inflammation in the body. Ethanol, another important ingredient of alcohol, is converted into a chemical by the body that triggers pain. Alcohol is the main trigger of headaches and migraines.

It is important to give up this habit if it the cause of pain. There are many ways to get rid of it. Assistance from medical experts can be helpful. Apart from this, there are many treatment options for addiction recovery. There are a number of centers working to help people overcome this issue. They can help by providing a range of treatments and therapies.

3. Reduce Stress

It is very important to reduce emotional stress as stressors can also act as a trigger for headaches. Several relaxation techniques which are intended to relax down the body and release excessive stress are very helpful ways. Some of the methods that can help reduce stress are yoga, doing exercise, meditation, and massages.

Other stress relief techniques are breathing and biofeedback. Keeping your mind free from such stressors can help to prevent headaches. A positive thinking and positive approach to life matters can help deal with unnecessary stress.

4. Knowing Body Ergonomics

As has been discussed, quite a number of headache causes are associated with eyes, jaws, and blood vessels associated with it. It is very important to know body ergonomics. Employing the right techniques while performing routine tasks and exercise is essentially important not just to maintain a healthy posture but to avoid the headache that is associated with other bones and body parts.

Similarly, to avoid headaches due to eyes, prevention from ways that put a strain on the eyes is important. Reading in dim light, outdated eyeglasses can put eyes under strain.

5. Exercise Regularly

Exercise is very helpful to deal with headaches related to bad posture. It helps to maintain fitness and good posture and can help to prevent headaches due to bad posture. If a person has a headache, then choosing low-impact exercises can help a lot in avoiding it.

High-impact exercising such as vigorous running, jumping, and twisting can become a cause of headaches. Choosing the right exercises can help to prevent headaches.

6. Watchful Eating And Drinking

A healthy eating and drinking pattern will provide the body all that is required to be at its best. Don’t delay or skip meals and drink plenty of water. Be watchful of foods that trigger pain, especially if you suffer migraines, then knowing what foods are a source of it will help to prevent such foods. Similarly, giving up on bad food habits such as junk food, alcohol and smoking are equally important.


Headache is very common, and most people face this problem at some point in life. Knowing the causes can help to take some preventive measures to help avoid a headache and go with routine life with proficiency.


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